Friday, March 17, 2017

Vernal Equinox: Science Behind the First Day of Spring 2017

March 17,2017
Monday is a special time in astronomy. This is when the sun's direct rays are crossing over the Earth's equator from the southern hemisphere to the northern hemisphere.
During the equinox, nearly equal amounts of daylight and darkness are experienced throughout the world.
Okay, that's great but what does it mean? It means that the vernal equinox is here, and astronomically speaking, spring has officially begun.
Twice a year, around March 20 or 21 and September 22 or 23, the sun's most direct rays shine on the equator. These two days are known as the vernal (spring) equinox and the autumnal (fall) equinox, respectively.
This year, the vernal equinox takes place on Monday, March 20 at 6:28 a.m. EDT. At this time, the sun is crossing over from the southern hemisphere into the northern hemisphere. During this process, the sun is shining directly over the earth's equator, bathing the earth's northern and southern hemispheres in nearly an equal amount of sunlight.
(MORE: How Weather Impacts Your Spring Allergies)
Instead of a tilt away from or toward the sun, the Earth's axis of rotation is perpendicular to the line connecting the centers of the Earth and the sun during an equinox. During the equinox, both day and night are balanced to nearly 12 hours each all over the world.
Good news for those in the northern hemisphere: Daylight continues to grow longer until the summer solstice, which occurs on Wednesday, June 21. The opposite occurs in the southern hemisphere, where daylight continues to grow shorter.

MORE: Scenes from the First Day of Spring

The Weather Company’s primary journalistic mission is to report on breaking weather news, the environment and the importance of science to our lives. This story does not necessarily represent the position of our parent company, IBM.

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