Friday, August 1, 2014

National Temperaure and Rainfall Extremes for August 1,2014 from accuweather.com

As of 12AM,EDT/9PM,PDT



Daily U.S. Extremes

past 24 hours

  Extreme Location
High 122° Death Valley, CA
Low 34° West Yellowstone, MT
Precip 3.43" Albemarle, NC

Weekly Wrap-Up: Tornadoes Strike Metro Areas, Bertha Forms in Atlantic

By Michael Kuhne, AccuWeather.com Staff Writer
August 1,2014; 9:12PM,EDT
 
 
See larger image below.
While flooding rainfall and cool air swept across portions of the Midwest and eastern half of the United States, wildfires continued to rage in the West. Meanwhile, a tropical depression slowly strengthened, eventually giving rise to Tropical Storm Bertha late in the week.
To kick off the final week of July, an autumn-like chill descended across much of the Midwest and eastern United States, while a slow-moving storm system persisted, bringing flooding downpours to portions of the drought-stricken Plains.
Severe thunderstorms also blasted through areas across the U.S. early this week, bringing tornadoes to the Midwest, South and even New England.
New England was the site for two tornadoes between Sunday and Monday. An EF-0 tornado touched down in Wolcott, Connecticut.
A severe thunderstorm blasted through Revere, Massachusetts, near Boston, spawning an EF-2 tornado Monday.
Severe storms left damage behind in Gray, Tennessee. (Photo/Twitter user Jordan Walker)
Also on Monday, two tornadoes spun up near Denver, Colorado. One of the tornadoes touched down near the airport, forcing passengers to take shelter until the threat had passed.
In addition to severe storms, cool air persisted across the Midwest and East.
In portions of Pennsylvania and New York state, high temperatures sunk into the 60s Monday and Tuesday. A record low of 59 F was set at Atlanta on Wednesday morning, breaking the old record of 61 F set in 1936. Another record was shattered in Birmingham, Alabama, when temperatures slid to 57 F, below the record low of 61 F set in 1994.
Meanwhile, in the West, wildfires continued to rage in parts of the Yosemite and the Sierra Nevada foothills. One fire began July 25 after a vehicle went into dry vegetation east of Highway 49, 5 miles north of Plymouth in Amador County. It has destroyed at least 60 structures.
A wildfire continued Sunday, July 27, 2014, at the Yosemite National Park in California. (Photo/Yosemite National Park)
As of Friday morning, it has grown to about 4,240 acres since its start and is 95 percent contained. A crew of 857 fire personnel were battling the blaze, CalFire said, down from the 1,900 who were working at the start of the fire.
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A separate blaze, the El Portal fire, in the Yosemite National Park has consumed at least 3900 acres with 34 percent containment, forcing the evacuations around Foresta, California.
In the southern portion of the Atlantic in Florida and gulf area, warm sea waters increased the risk of a deadly flesh-eating bacteria and a toxic, fish-killing algae growth, red tide.
Karenia brevis is given the name red tide often turns waters red and can pose dangers to wildlife and humans who come in contact with waters that are impacted by the harmful blooms. (Photo/NOAA)
A type of potentially toxic algae, Karenia brevis, known as "red tide" is blanketing an area roughly the size of Connecticut in the northeastern part of the Gulf of Mexico, killing massive numbers of fish.
One person from Sarasota County, Florida, has died, due to a deadly, flesh-eating bacteria, Vibrio vulnificus.
Also, in the Atlantic a tropical depression continued to strengthen throughout the week, giving rise to Tropical Storm Bertha late Thursday night.
Tropical Storm Bertha (Photo/NOAA)
Bertha is forecast to move along a curved path near the islands in the northeastern Caribbean, just east of the Bahamas and then northeastward off the U.S. Atlantic coast.
While Bertha is expected to remain a relatively weak tropical system, the storm's strength will fluctuate, bringing heavy rain and gusty winds to part of the Caribbean through the weekend.

On Social Media
NWS Brownsville
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Here is the latest outlook for Tropical Storm Bertha! Expected to remain in the Atlantic. No threat to Texas! nhc.noaa.gov/graphics_at3.s…
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@CBCNews #news Tropical storm Bertha becomes 2nd named system of Atlantic hurricane season ow.ly/2L2N6f
21h
 

Ten Crops That Demand Massive Amounts of Water as Drought Grips West

By Katy Galimberti, AccuWeather.com Staff Writer
August 1,2014; 9:11PM,EDT
 
As much of the West continues to be plagued by intense drought, the production of favorite and trendy foods may be more challenging for states operating in dry conditions.
According to the U.S. Drought Monitor, states such as California, Texas and Nevada are suffering the most. These states produce a variety of hip, healthy foods, and the challenge of producing some crops becomes difficult when water is less readily available.
Drought can make for harsh farming conditions as much of the West struggles with dry conditions and a lack of rainfall. (Flickr/Marsel Minga)
Along with other favorites such as coffee and chocolate, the massive volume of water needed to produce these goods can be alarming, especially when compared to the rise in drought conditions.
California is know for its wine country, but with the drought, certain crops like grapes may be at risk.
After all, it takes nearly 29 gallons of water to produce one single glass of wine according to WaterStat, a Netherlands-based learning community that provides free information about water use around the world.
Grapes are an essential good in terms of economic stability for the state as the second largest crop in terms of value of production in 2013. Wine production amounted to a value greater than $3 billion in 2013 alone.
As of July 31, over 50 percent of California is under the highest drought classification making for strenuous farming practices for all crops, including the world-renowned California grapes.
"The ongoing three-year severe drought in California is causing farmers to leave fallow hundreds of thousands of acres of farmland," AccuWeather West Coast Expert Senior Meteorologist Ken Clark said. "This is not only causing a severe hardship on the farmers but is also limiting the amount of food coming from this vital growing area in the U.S."
California's crop with the most value of production in 2013 was almonds, a healthy snack that has soared in popularity. Texas, another state trying to battle drought, boasts cotton as the number one crop with the highest production value last year. For other states suffering under the drought, wheat crops, potatoes, wheat, melons and dairy are all consumed regularly across the world, but a high volume of water is necessary for production.
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Here are the surprising stats about the water needed to produce some of the most important crops for states and other favorite foods:

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Nikki Eldred
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California constantly complains about their drought problem, but you know what most of the fresh water is going to? Meat production.
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Need another reason to #conserve water, #SanDiego? "California drought affects beer production" bit.ly/1s8HbsP @SD_Coastkeeper
Jul 31
 

Bertha to Impact Caribbean, Swing East of US

By , Expert Senior Meteorologist
August 1,2014; 9:03PM,EDT
 
 
Bertha is forecast to take a curved path near the islands in the northeastern Caribbean, just east of the Bahamas and then northeastward off the East coast of the United States.
Bertha became a tropical storm Thursday night and is the second named tropical system in the 2014 Atlantic Hurricane Season.
While Bertha is expected to remain a relatively weak tropical system, the strength of Bertha will fluctuate. Regardless of intensity, locally heavy rain and gusty winds will occur over part of the Caribbean this weekend.
The above NOAA animation shows Tropical Storm Bertha's progress in the Atlantic over the last several hours.
The system is not likely to become a hurricane this weekend and could slip below tropical storm status at any time over the next five days. A tropical storm has sustained winds of 39 mph or greater. A hurricane has sustained winds of 74 mph or greater.

Schedule for Bertha's Impacts

Disruptions from the system will tend to be brief over the Caribbean islands.
While the rainfall from Bertha will bring a risk of flash flooding and mudslides to the islands, it will also bring needed rainfall. Many of the islands in the path of Bertha, especially those from the British Virgin Islands to Hispaniola, are experiencing significant drought.

A general 1 to 2 inches of rain is forecast in the vicinity of Bertha, but local amounts of 2 to 4 inches are possible, especially just to the north and east of the center. Isolated amounts of 6 inches are possible along the slopes of the mountains.

According to AccuWeather Hurricane Expert Dan Kottlowski, "The Windwards and southern Leewards will experience episodes of drenching rain and gusty thunderstorms into Friday night."
The rather swift-moving storm will impact the U.S. and British Virgin Islands during Saturday.
"During Saturday afternoon and night, Bertha will affect Puerto Rico and the Dominican Republic with drenching rainfall and locally gusty thunderstorms," Kottlowski said.
Minimal impact is forecast farther west on Hispaniola for Haiti and on the eastern tip of Cuba, but there can be a couple of locally heavy thunderstorms.
No impact is forecast farther west in the Caribbean, such as Jamaica and central Cuba.
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Bertha is forecast to be in the vicinity of the Turks and Caicos on Sunday.
"Bertha or its remnants could still pass close enough to the Bahamas to bring tropical storm-force wind gusts and an inch or two of rain during Sunday and Sunday night," Kottlowski said.
Beyond the Bahamas, Bertha is forecast to curve more to the north then to the northeast. This projected path will keep direct impacts offshore of the U.S. Only a shift farther west than expected would bring the system right along the East coast.
The surf can become rough from northeastern Florida to North Carolina for a time early next week. The greatest risk to bathers will be an uptick in the strength and number of rip currents.
As Bertha interacts with a front pushing off the East Coast of the U.S. during the middle of next week, some rain could reach Bermuda.

Low Hurricane Count for June, July Not Uncommon

The relatively quiet Atlantic tropical season so far in 2014 is not that uncommon. Although the season officially begins on June 1, the most active period does not really get going until mid-August. It is during August and early September, when the waters across the Atlantic are the warmest, and typically, the dry air and wind shear taper off.
Stef Davis and Senior Meteorologist Bernie Rayno explain the ebb and flow of the hurricane season in the video below:
AccuWeather is forecasting a slightly below-average number of tropical storms and hurricanes this season in the Atlantic.

What is Affecting Bertha?

"The system is being steered by the Bermuda-Azores high pressure area," Kottlowski said.
Wind shear was already affecting Bertha on Friday and was preventing thunderstorms from wrapping uniformly around the center of circulation. Wind shear is a zone of strong winds at mid-levels of the atmosphere blowing from the southwest, west or northwest that can prevent a tropical system from forming or limit the intensity of a formed tropical system.
According to AccuWeather Meteorologist Rob Miller, "In addition to problems with wind shear along the projected path, the mountainous terrain of Puerto Rico and Hispaniola will disrupt the wind flow of the storm as it approaches."
There is a chance that if the system survives the encounter with the large islands of the Caribbean this weekend it could gain some strength while well off the East Coast of the U.S. at midweek.
The system battled and survived wind shear, cool water and dry air much of this week over the southern Atlantic.

On Social Media
Tony Mainolfi
TMainolfiWESH
#Bertha set to impact #PuertoRico late Saturday with Tropical Storm force winds + heavy rain. I'll show you the radar trends @ 11 on @WESH.
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For the latest on our possible wet weekend forecast and Tropical Storm Bertha tune in to Chief @PhilFerro7 on 7News first at 4pm.
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Southwest Storms to Aid Wildfire Efforts

By Brian Lada, Meteorologist
August 1,2014; 9:01PM,EDT
 
 
 
An increase in moisture from the Southwest monsoon will fuel showers and heavy thunderstorms across the interior West through the weekend.
While rain from these storms will help battle the ongoing drought and raging wildfires, torrential downpours can lead to flash flooding around major cities in the region.
Most of the showers and thunderstorms can be expected during the afternoon and continue into the night; however, a few morning showers cannot be ruled out.

The zone of heaviest thunderstorms is forecast to stretch from western Texas to Colorado before shifting west over the weekend.
Phoenix, Tucson and Flagstaff, Arizona; Las Vegas; and Cedar City, Utah, are a few cities that could be hit with multiple disruptive thunderstorms through Sunday evening.
Moisture associated with the monsoon will also reach up towards the Pacific Northwest, allowing for spotty thunderstorms to develop as far north as Oregon and Idaho.
Unfortunately for those in California looking for some relief from the ongoing drought, it does not appear like much more than clouds will make it west of the Sierra Nevada.
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Although the storms bring the danger of flash flooding, water from the storms will help crews battle some of the wildfires raging across the region.
According to the Incident Information System, there are currently dozens of active wildfires across the West spanning from Arizona to Washington.
The Yosemite Fire is one of the more well known fires burning in the West and began on July 26, according to the National Park Service.
In their most recent report, the National Park Service says that more than 1,300 personnel are fighting the blaze, which has consumed at least 4,200 acres.
The Associated Press also reported on the blaze, saying that evacuations that were put in place will soon come to an end as containment has risen to 58 percent.
Lightning helped start numerous fires late this week in Northern California and led state officials to call for Army National Guard help in battling the wildfires.
Guard helicopters and their crews have been activated as a result. Fourteen UH-60 Black Hawk and CH-47 Chinook helicopters and three LUH-72 Lakota helicopters will be used, the California Office of Emergency Services said in a news release Friday.
The Black Hawks and Chinooks are equipped with 660-gallon and 2,000-gallon water buckets, respectively, to fight the flames.

A plane drops fire retardant as firefighters battle a blaze in El Portal, Calif., near Yosemite National Park on Tuesday, July 29, 2014. Firefighters in the state are also battling another wildfire in the Sierra Nevada foothills east of Sacramento. (AP Photo/Al Golub)
Not all of the thunderstorms across the region will help battle against the blazes, however.
In some cases across the Pacific Northwest where the monsoonal moisture will not be as abundant, some of the thunderstorms may bring little to no rain.
During these storms, commonly called dry thunderstorms, lightning strikes can spark new wildfires.

Looking ahead to the upcoming week, daily thunderstorm activity is expected to continue.
The focus of the heavy thunderstorms may try and push north into Tuesday, possibly raising flooding concerns in Utah and Wyoming.

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Today in 1972 was the first of 24 days without measurable rain in Philadelphia, PA #wxhistory
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Heat Builds in Warsaw, Moscow This Weekend

By Courtney Spamer, Meteorologist
August 1,2014; 9:00PM,EDT
 
 
Temperatures in central and eastern Europe continue to build this weekend, soaring as high as 10 degrees Celsius above normal.
High pressure holding steady in northwestern Russia continues to usher in warm air for countries in eastern Europe. A central core of the warmest temperatures, both Saturday and Sunday, will encompass Ukraine, Poland, Belarus and western Russia.

Each afternoon, temperatures will reach into the 30s C (90s in Fahrenheit) for the cities of Kiev, Warsaw and Moscow. Sunshine and dry weather is expected to persist throughout the weekend.
Further to the west, temperatures will also be rising above the norm. For Slovakia and northern Austria into central Germany, Czech Republic and western Poland, temperatures will be at least 5 degree Celcius (10 -15 degrees Fahrenheit) above the norm for the start of August.
Showers and thunderstorms each day in these areas will help the temperature to stay closer to average.
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The extreme heat is expected to continue into Monday in eastern Europe. However, showers and thunderstorms continue to move eastward across the continent finally reach the hottest areas Tuesday and Wednesday. For the middle of the week, it will be cooler, but still above average with temperatures in the upper 20s Celsius (lower 80s Fahrenheit).

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Red Tide Invades Warm Gulf Waters, Eyes Florida Coast

By Katy Galimberti, AccuWeather.com Staff Writer
August 1,2014; 8:59PM,EDT
 
 
A type of potentially toxic algae known as "red tide" is blanketing an area roughly the size of Connecticut in the northeastern part of the Gulf of Mexico.
The Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission released a report on July 25, 2014, confirming a large-scale fish kill in the area. Since then, more fish have died as a result of the toxic, but naturally occurring, algae, formally called Karenia brevis.
Spokesperson for the FWC Brandon Basino said there are unconfirmed civilian reports of thousands of dead fish and that the research team is working in the area to verify.
Surface water temperatures have been warmer in the area over the past week, according to AccuWeather.com Expert Meteorologist Dan Kottlowski, which is a contributing factor to the outbreak.
Still, red tides are not uncommon for this time of year, according to Basino.
"However, what's unique about this one is that it's the largest bloom associated with a fish kill since 2006," he said.
Karenia brevis is given the name red tide often turns waters red and can pose dangers to wildlife and humans who come in contact with waters that are impacted by the harmful blooms. (Photo/NOAA)
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The bloom is roughly 40 miles offshore between Dixie and Pasco counties and moving southward.
"It's moving a little quicker than we thought," Basino said.
Given the nickname 'red tide' due to the red hue some blooms can give to the water, the harmful algae blooms can cause health concerns for humans. Some blooms will not create hazardous swimming conditions, but severe cases can create havoc.
Respiratory irritation in humans can occur when a bloom of the red tide organism is present along the coast and winds blow the aerosol it produces on shore, according to the National Weather Service.
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Symptoms associated with a red tide are typically temporary and can include coughing, sneezing and itching, tearing eyes. Symptoms may be worse in those who suffer from asthma, emphysema or other chronic respiratory disorders.
The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration said on Monday, July 28, that the current bloom is not expected to cause respiratory irritation along southwestern Florida beaches through Monday, Aug. 4. However, if the bloom moves towards the coastline, beachgoers should be aware of potential risks.
Basino suggested that those hoping to hit the beach at an impacted area should listen to warnings from county health departments and use caution.

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Mote scientists embarked this morning on a water-sampling survey to learn more about a bloom of Florida red tide... fb.me/23VtAeRkM
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Red Tide Bloom: Mote Marine's water samples, algae 33 miles west off Caladesi Isl. @ 13 miles west of Madeira Beach pic.twitter.com/nnRRijUc39
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Fear of red tide is spreading among beachgoers in Southwest Florida. A massive patch of the algae bloom is... fb.me/2prfcAYY1
10h
 

New York City metro-area forecast for August 1-September 14,2014 from accuweather.com

Here's the 45-day weather forecast for the New York City metro-area for the period of all of August and the first couple of weeks of September (August 1-September 14),2014 from accuweather.com









Today,August 1: August of 2014 begins turning very warm and humid with more clouds than sun and a chance for a scattered afternoon shower or thunderstorm possible and a high temperature in the lower and middle 80's,the light,sultry,southeasterly winds and high humidity levels making it feel even hotter,like it's in the upper 80's to lower 90's,at times.As of 1:30PM,EDT,it's 82 degrees and partly sunny,with 62% humidity making it feel like it's 86 degrees,in White Plains,NY,and it's also 82 degrees and cloudy,with 57% humidity making it feel like it's 88 degrees,in New York City.

Tonight: Remaining mainly cloudy,warm,and muggy with a chance for a couple of rain showers and a low temperature dropping to 65-70 degrees,overnight.

Tomorrow,August 2: Remaining mostly cloudy and rainy,but turning raw and cool as it turns much cooler than recent days with periods of rain and a thunderstorm possible and a high temperature only in the middle 70's.

Tomorrow night: Remaining cloudy,rainy,and seasonably warm with considerable cloudiness and a chance for a passing evening rain shower possible and a low temperature dropping to the middle 60's,overnight.

Sunday,August 3: Remaining mostly cloudy,warm,and humid,but turning warmer,with a scattered shower or thunderstorm still possible and a high temperature in the upper 70's to lower 80's.Remaining mostly cloudy and seasonably warm with a low temperature dropping to the middle and upper 60's,once again,overnight.

Monday,August 4: Turning very warm,once again,with times of clouds and sun and a chance for a scattered shower or thunderstorm continuing and a high temperature in the middle 80's.Remaining mostly cloudy and warm with a low temperature dropping to 65-70 degrees,overnight.

Tuesday,August 5: Becoming partly sunny and very warm to hot for very early August and mid-summer with a high temperature of 85-90 degrees,the very light,sultry,westerly winds and high humidity levels making it feel even hotter,like it's 90-95 degrees,at times.Remaining partly cloudy and warm with a low temperature dropping to around 70 degrees,overnight.

Wednesday,August 6: Remaining partly sunny,very warm and stormy with a chance for a scattered shower and thunderstorm continuing and a high temperature of 85-90 degrees,once again.Becoming mainly clear,but remaining warm for early August with a low temperature dropping to 65-70 degrees, overnight.

Thursday,August 7: Remaining partly sunny and very warm for early August and mid-summer with a high temperature in the middle and upper 80's.Remaining partly cloudy and warm with a low temperature dropping to around 70 degrees,overnight.

Friday,August 8: Remaining very warm,but turning more humid with increasing cloudiness and a high temperature in the middle 80's,the very light,sultry,northerly winds and moderate-to-high humidity levels making it feel even hotter,like it's in the upper 80's to lower and middle 90's,at times.Becoming mostly cloudy and cooler than recent nights with a low temperature dropping to the lower and middle 60's,overnight.

Saturday,August 9: Turning cloudy,rainy,raw,dank,and dreary,and much cooler than recent days with periods of rain and a high temperature of 70-75 degrees.Remaining cloudy,rainy,raw,dank,and dreary with periods of rain and a low temperature dropping to 60-65 degrees,overnight.

Sunday,August 10: Remaining cloudy,rainy,stormy,dank,dreary,and unseasonably cool for early August and mid-summer with periods of rain and a thunderstorm,making this weekend a complete wash-out,and a high temperature of just 70-75 degrees,once again.Becoming partly cloudy,but remaining rainy,with a chance for a couple of evening rain showers and a low temperature dropping to 60-65 degrees,once again,overnight.

Monday,August 11: Turning warmer than recent days,but remaining rainy with intervals of clouds and sunshine and a chance for a couple of afternoon rain showers and a high temperature in the upper 70's to lower 80's.Becoming clear to partly cloudy and cool with a low temperature dropping to the upper 50's to lower 60's,overnight.

Tuesday,August 12: Remaining warm for early-to-mid August with intervals of clouds and sunshine and a high temperature of 80-85 degrees.Turning rather cloudy and warm with a spotty rain shower possible and a low temperature dropping to 60-65 degrees,overnight.

Wednesday,August 13: Turning mostly cloudy,rainy,and cooler than recent days with a chance for a couple of rain showers and a high temperature of just 75-80 degrees.Becoming partly cloudy,but remaining rainy and a bit cool for early-to-mid August with a spotty rain shower possible and a low temperature dropping to around 60 degrees,overnight.

Thursday,August 14: Remaining cloudy,rainy,stormy,and seasonably warm for mid-August with spotty morning thunderstorms followed by a chance for some afternoon rain and a thunderstorm and a high temperature of 75-80 degrees,once again.Remaining mostly cloudy,rainy,and seasonably warm for mid-to-late summer with some early rain and thunderstorm,followed by a leftover shower or two possible and a low temperature dropping to 60-65 degrees,overnight.

Friday,August 15: Turning sunny and much warmer,as it turns very warm,once again,with a high temperature in the middle 80's.Remaining partly cloudy,warm,and humid,with a low temperature dropping to the middle and upper 60's,overnight.

Saturday,August 16: Turning mostly cloudy and less humid,but remaining very warm for mid-August with a high temperature of 80-85 degrees.Remaining mostly cloudy and seasonably warm for late summer with a low temperature dropping to the middle 60's,once again,overnight.

Sunday,August 17: Becoming mostly sunny,but remaining seasonably warm for mid-August with a high temperature of 80-85 degrees,once again.Remaining warm with increasing cloudiness and a low temperature dropping to 65-70 degrees,overnight.

Monday,August 18: Turning cloudy,rainy,stormy,seasonably warm,and humid with morning rain followed by a couple of afternoon showers and storms and a high temperature in the upper 70's to lower 80's.Remaining mostly cloudy,rainy,and stormy,but turning cooler than recent nights with evening rain showers and thunderstorms followed by a spotty late-night shower or thunderstorm possible and a low temperature dropping to the upper 50's to lower 60's,overnight.

Tuesday,August 19: Turning cooler and drier than recent days,with ample sunshine,and a high temperature in the middle and upper 70's.Becoming clear and a bit cool for late August with a low temperature dropping to around 60 degrees,overnight.

Wednesday,August 20: Remaining a bit cool for late August despite ample sunshine,with a high temperature in the middle 70's,once again.Becoming clear,but remaining cool for late August,with a low temperature dropping to 55-60 degrees,overnight.

Thursday,August 21: Remaining a bit cool for late August with abundant sunshine and a high temperature in the middle and upper 70's.Remaining clear and comfortable with a low temperature dropping to around 60 degrees,overnight.

Friday,August 22: Remaining seasonably warm for very late August and late summer with brilliant sunshine and a high temperature of 75-80 degrees.Remaining clear to partly cloudy and a bit cool for very late August,with a low temperature dropping to the upper 50's to lower 60's,overnight.

Saturday,August 23: Remaining mostly sunny and seasonably warm with a high temperature in the middle and upper 70's.Remaining clear and a bit cool for very late August with a low temperature dropping to 55-60 degrees,overnight.

Sunday,August 24: Remaining sunny and seasonably warm with a high temperature in the middle and upper 70's,once again.Remaining clear and cool for very late August with a low temperature dropping to 55-60 degrees,once again,overnight.

Monday,August 25: Becoming partly sunny,but remaining seasonably warm for late summer with a high temperature of 75-80 degrees.Turning partly cloudy and warmer than recent nights with a low temperature dropping to the lower and middle 60's,overnight.

Tuesday,August 26: Turning cloudy,rainy,raw,and a bit cooler than recent days with a scattered rain shower possible and a high temperature in the middle 70's.Remaining cloudy,rainy,and warm with a chance for a couple of rain showers and a low temperature dropping to 60-65 degrees,overnight.

Wednesday,August 27: Becoming sunny and seasonably warm for the end of August with a high temperature in the middle and upper 70's.Becoming mainly clear and cooler than recent nights with a near record low temperature dropping to 55-60 degrees,overnight.

Thursday,August 28: Turning warmer with ample sunshine and a high temperature of 75-80 degrees.Remaining clear,but not as cool with a low temperature dropping to the lower and middle 60's,overnight.

Friday,August 29: Turning very warm and humid for the end of August and very late summer with partial sunshine and a chance for a couple of afternoon showers and thunderstorms and a high temperature in the upper 70's to lower and middle 80's.Remaining mostly cloudy,rainy,and stormy,but not as warm with a chance for a couple of evening showers and thunderstorms and a low temperature dropping to the upper 50's to lower 60's,overnight.

Saturday,August 30: Turning cloudy,rainy,raw,dank,dreary,and much cooler than recent days with periods of rain and a high temperature only in the lower and middle 70's.Becoming cloudy,rainy,raw, dank,dreary,and unseasonably cool for the end of August with more rain possible and a low temperature dropping to the middle 50's,the blustery,biting,northerly winds,which could gust past 20-mph,at times,making it feel downright chilly for the end of August,like it's only in the middle and upper 40's,at times,overnight.

Sunday,August 31: August of 2014 ends remaining cloudy,rainy,raw,and unseasonably cool with considerable cloudiness and a bit of rain and a high temperature of just 70-75 degrees.Remaining mainly cloudy,raw,and unseasonably cool for the end of August with a low temperature dropping to the middle 50's,once again,overnight.

Monday,September 1: Labor Day 2014 will be and September of 2014 begins remaining a bit cool for the unofficial end of summer with intervals of clouds and sunshine and a high temperature of just 70-75 degrees,once again.Not as cool as recent nights with considerable cloudiness and a low temperature dropping to the upper 50's to lower 60's,overnight.

Tuesday,September 2: Remaining cloudy,raw,and unseasonably cool for the beginning of September with low clouds and a high temperature,for the third straight day,of just 70-75 degrees.Remaining cloudy,rainy,and seasonably warm for the end of summer,with low clouds followed by some clearing and a low temperature dropping to the upper 50's to lower 60's,once again,overnight.

Wednesday,September 3: Remaining rather cool for the beginning of September with times of clouds and sun and a high temperature,for the fourth straight day,of 70-75 degrees.Becoming mostly cloudy and rainy,but remaining warm for the end of summer with a chance for a rain shower and a low temperature dropping,for the third straight night,down to the upper 50's to lower 60's,overnight.

Thursday,September 4: Turning cloudy,rainy,raw,and cool with more rain showers and high temperature,for the fifth straight day,of just 70-75 degrees.Remaining cloudy,rainy,and warm with a chance for a couple of evening rain showers and a low temperature dropping to 60-65 degrees, overnight.

Friday,September 5: Turning warmer than recent days with early clouds giving way to some sun and a high temperature of around 80 degrees.Becoming mainly clear,but remaining warm for very early September,with a low temperature dropping to 60-65 degrees,once again,overnight.

Saturday,September 6: Remaining partly sunny,warm,and rainy,with a chance for a couple of scattered afternoon rain showers and a high temperature of around 80 degrees,once again.Becoming mostly cloudy,rainy,raw,dank,dreary,and unseasonably cool for early September,with a chance for a couple of rain showers and a thunderstorm and a low temperature dropping to the lower and middle 50's,the blustery,biting,westerly winds,which could gust up to 25-mph,at times,making it feel unseasonably chilly for the end of summer,like it's only in the middle and upper 40's,at times, overnight.

Sunday,September 7: Not as warm with variable cloudiness and a chance for a scattered rain shower and a high temperature of just 70-75 degrees.Becoming mainly clear and chilly with a low temperature dropping to 50-55 degrees,the blustery,biting,autumn-like northeasterly winds,which could gust up to 20-mph,at times,making it feel unseasonably chilly for early September,like it's only in the middle 40's,at times,overnight.

Monday,September 8: Remaining mostly cloudy,rainy,raw,and unseasonably cool and fall-like for early September with a bit of rain possible and a high temperature only in the upper 60's to lower 70's.Becoming unseasonably chilly for early September,with cloudy skies and a chance for a raw,cool rain shower and a near record low temperature dropping to the upper 40's to lower 50's,the blustery, biting,nippy,northeasterly winds,which could gust up to 25-mph,at times,making it feel like it's only in the upper 30's to lower 40's,at times,making people grab for coats and sweaters in early September, overnight.

Tuesday,September 9: Remaining raw and cool with plenty of clouds and a bit of rain possible and a high temperature only around 70 degrees.Becoming clear,but remaining unseasonably chilly for early September,with a near record low temperature dropping to 50-55 degrees,overnight.

Wednesday,September 10: Becoming mostly sunny,but remaining unseasonably cool for early September and the end of summer with a high temperature only in the upper 60's to lower 70's.Remaining mainly clear and rather chilly with a low temperature dropping to 50-55 degrees, once again,overnight.

Thursday,September 11: The 13-year anniversary of the 9/11-terrorist attacks on the World Trade Center and the Pentagon and the 2-year anniversary of Benghazi,will be remaining rather cool for the end of summer with a mix of sun and some clouds and a high temperature only in the upper 60's to lower and middle 70's,once again.Remaining clear and unseasonably chilly with a near record low temperature dropping,for the third straight night,down to 50-55 degrees,overnight.

Friday,September 12: Remaining a bit cool for early-to-mid September despite brilliant sunshine, with a high temperature,for the third straight day,only in  the upper 60's to lower 70's.Becoming clear to partly cloudy and not as chilly as recent nights,with a low temperature dropping to the middle and upper 50's, overnight.

Saturday,September 13: Turning sunny and a bit warmer than recent days,as it turns seasonably warm for the end of summer with a high temperature in the lower and middle 70's.Becoming clear and milder/warmer than recent nights with a low temperature dropping to 55-60 degrees,overnight.

Sunday,September 14: Remaining sunny,but turning much warmer than recent days,as it turns very warm for mid-September and the end of summer with a high temperature of 75-80 degrees.Becoming clear and warm with a low temperature dropping to 55-60 degrees,once again,overnight.

Tropical Storm Bertha Nears the Caribbean; Tropical Storm Warnings for St. Lucia, Dominica, Puerto Rico, Virgin Islands

August 1,2014

Key Takeaways

- Tropical Storm Bertha to affect Windward Islands Friday, Puerto Rico, Virgin Islands Saturday.
- Bertha expected to then track through the Dominican Republic and southeast Bahamas Saturday night into Sunday.
- Bertha threats: Heavy rain/flash flooding, some strong wind gusts, rip currents.
- A U.S. threat appears unlikely, but can't be completely ruled out yet.
Tropical Storm Bertha formed late Thursday night, about 275 miles east-southeast of Barbados and is now tracking quickly toward the Windward Islands.
Tropical storm warnings are now in effect for Puerto Rico, the U.S. and British Virgin Islands and parts of the Windward Islands (see below).
A tropical storm watch is issued when those conditions are possible within the area. Watches are typically posted 48 hours in advance of the onset of tropical storm-force conditions, since preparing for the storm becomes difficult once tropical storm-force winds begin. A tropical storm warning means those conditions are expected in the area. Warnings are typically issued 36 hours in advance of the onset of tropical storm-force winds. When a warning is issued, you should complete all storm preparations and, if directed by local officials, evacuate the area immediately.
Tropical storm-force winds (sustained wind speeds of 39 mph or greater) are expected to spread into the warned areas of the Windward Islands Friday, then may arrive in Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands on Saturday.
Bertha is expected to track near the Dominican Republic Saturday night into early Sunday, then the southeast Bahamas Sunday.
An area of low pressure aloft (called a tropical upper tropospheric trough or TUTT) is interacting with the tropical storm, producing wind shear (change in wind direction and/or speed with height) that is hostile for tropical cyclone intensification.
Bertha will also have to battle an atmosphere of dry air, also hostile for intensification, and its circulation may be disrupted by passage over parts of Puerto Rico and the Dominican Republic this weekend.
Therefore, the official forecast does not expect significant intensification of Bertha through at least early Sunday.
(MORE: Expert Analysis)
This infrared satellite image shows how cold (and therefore how high) the cloud tops are. Brighter orange and red shadings concentrated near the center of circulation signify a healthy tropical cyclone.
Bertha will also produce heavy rainfall amounts of 1 to 3 inches, with isolated 6 inches possible across portions of the Leeward Islands, Puerto Rico, and the U.S. Virgin Islands. While Bertha's rain will eventually prove beneficial with regards to the developing drought, too much rain to fast will also create hazardous flooding and mudslide conditions.
(FORECASTS: Guadeloupe | St. Thomas | San Juan)
Speaking of the Caribbean drought, through Wednesday, the Cyril E. King Airport on St. Thomas in the U.S. Virgin Islands had only picked up 0.89 inches of rain since June 1, just under 17 percent of the average rainfall during that period (5.28 inches).

Is Bertha a U.S. Threat?

Assuming Bertha holds together in the marginal environment near the Lesser Antilles, Virgin Islands and Puerto Rico, there is some potential for strengthening early next week if wind shear aloft relaxes.
The majority of our forecast guidance suggests steering currents in the upper atmosphere (a southward dip in the jet stream carving into the southeast U.S.) should turn the system north then northeast away from the East Coast during the first half of next week. For now, it appears the center of Bertha may pass sufficiently to the west of Bermuda to avoid significant impacts later Tuesday or Wednesday.
However, this forecast could change. Interests along the Southeast U.S. coast and Bermuda should continue to monitor the progress of Bertha. Check back with us at The Weather Channel and weather.com for the latest.

MORE: Hurricanes From Space

What Will NASA's Next Mars Rover Do?

August 1,2014


 
NASA’s next Mars rover will have advanced cameras for making Martian movies, a “rainbow laser” for studying the chemical composition of rocks and the ability to search directly for signs of life, among other groundbreaking technology, the agency announced yesterday. The rover is scheduled to launch in 2020.
The Mars 2020 rover, which is still awaiting an official name, will essentially be a copy of Curiosity, according to Wired. This allows NASA to save time in designing and building the rover and to use duplicate parts created for Curiosity. But it will carry seven new science instruments intended to build upon the discoveries Curiosity and the other Mars missions have made.
Curiosity’s cameras have sent back some amazing images of the planet, but the Mars 2020 rover will have an upgraded camera system, called Mastcam-Z, that will also have the ability to zoom. The team back on Earth will be able to create movies from the rover’s images, the Los Angeles Times reports, a first for Mars technology.
“You’re going to feel like you’re on Mars,” John Grunsfeld, head of NASA’s Science Mission Directorate, told the LA Times. “It’s going to be fantastic.”
Also potentially fantastic is the Mars Oxygen ISRU Experiment (MOXIE), a new technology that’s designed to explore the process of creating oxygen from the carbon dioxide in Mars’ atmosphere. The Martian atmosphere is about 100 times thinner than Earth’s, but is packed with carbon dioxide. Being able to convert a natural resource on the planet to something humans can use is a step toward NASA’s stated ultimate goal of landing humans on Mars.
"Mars has resources needed to help sustain life, which can reduce the amount of supplies that human missions will need to carry,” William Gerstenmaier, an associate administrator at NASA, said in a release. “Testing ways to extract these resources and understand the environment will help make the pioneering of Mars feasible."
The new rover is also taking a step toward another long-awaited Mars goal: bringing a sample of the red planet back to Earth. Scientists have long wanted a piece of Mars they could study themselves, without the complications of working with a robot millions of miles away. The Mars 2020 rover will gather and store samples that a future mission could pick up and bring home, according to the LA Times.
“How do we find bio-signatures? That’s not so easy. It’s difficult here on this planet,” Michael Meyer, lead scientist for NASA’s Mars Exploration Program, told the LA Times. “And we know a lot more about it than we do Mars.”
The agency received 58 proposals for instruments for the rover to carry, according to the release, which is twice the amount NASA has received for other recent missions.

British Photographer Andy Murch Gets Up-Close with Sharks at Feeding Time (PHOTOS)

By Sean Breslin
Published: August 1,2014



 
It's something most of us would never dare do – swim toward large sharks during feeding time, without a safety cage.
But Andy Murch does it to prove a point. The British photographer wants to show the world that sharks are far more interested in fish, even at their hungriest moments, than humans, reports the Daily Mail.
Murc, 47, snapped the amazing close-ups you see at the top of the page without the restrictions of a safety cage. Fifteen years of interaction with all kinds of sharks, including hammerheads and great whites, have allowed Murch to become more comfortable around these massive creatures, yielding more majestic and intimate photos, the Daily Mail adds.
(WATCH: You'll Be Stunned When You See Where They Found This Alligator)
In fact, Murch has only had one near-death experience in his 15 years of working with sharks, and it occurred when his breathing equipment failed 100 feet underwater, according to the New York Daily News.
Murch uses a mixture of fish and squid to lure the sharks toward his camera, the NYDN also said, and when they open their mouths to eat, he snaps images that make the sharks look like they're getting ready to eat the camera instead.
"It's important to respect these creatures; I don't wear chain mail, but I do wear equipment that isn't shiny or brightly colored because I don't want a shark to think it sees a fish and bite me in its confusion,” he said in a press release.
For those eager to get inches from a large shark, Murch also runs an adventure travel company that brings people along on some of his shark swims.

Tropical Storm Bertha Nearing Lesser Antilles Islands

By: Dr. Jeff Masters , 1:28PM,GMT on August 1,2014




Tropical Storm Warnings are flying Friday morning in most of the Lesser Antilles Islands as Tropical Storm Bertha, with top winds of 45 mph, cruises west-northwest at 20 mph towards the islands. Bertha was born last night at 03 UTC August 1, when tropical disturbance 93L was finally able to produce enough heavy thunderstorms to be classified as a tropical storm. The formation of Bertha on August 1 was right on schedule, according to climatology from 1966 - 2009: the Atlantic's 2nd named storm has historically formed on August 1 during this period. Visible satellite loops on Friday morning showed that Bertha was not well-organized; the surface circulation was partially exposed to view, with a modest area of heavy thunderstorms confined to the east side of the circulation. The storm was fighting moderate to high wind shear of 15 - 20 knots, due to strong upper-level winds out of the west. These winds were driving dry air to the west of Bertha into the circulation, keeping heavy thunderstorms from forming on the west side. An Air Force C-130 hurricane hunter aircraft was investigating Bertha Friday morning, and found the storm's central pressure was a rather high 1010 mb at 11:48 UTC (7:48 am EDT). Top surface winds measured by the plane were about 45 mph, so Bertha is showing no signs of intensifying. Barbados radar on Friday morning showed that Bertha was generating some respectable rain bands, which will bring heavy rains to the Lesser Antilles beginning late Friday morning. Water vapor satellite loops and the Saharan Air Layer analysis showed that a large amount of dry air lay to the north and west of Bertha. Ocean temperatures were about 28°C, which is 2°C warmer than the typical 26°C threshold for development.


Figure 1. Latest satellite image of Bertha.


Figure 2. Short-term drought conditions in the Caribbean as of July 2014, as measured by the one-month Standardized Precipitation Index (SPI). Bertha's rains will cause welcome drought relief in some areas, though may also cause flash flooding. Image credit: NOAA's Global Drought Portal.

Forecast for Bertha
Moderate to high wind shear of 15 - 20 knots is expected to affect Bertha through Saturday morning, according to the 12 UTC Friday forecast from the SHIPS model. With the atmosphere around Bertha quite dry, the storm will have to work hard to insulate itself from disruptive dry air incursions, and only slow intensification is likely through Saturday morning. I don't see Bertha being stronger than a 55 mph tropical storm during this period. By Saturday afternoon, wind shear is forecast to fall to the moderate range, 10 - 15 knots, and this may allow Bertha to intensify as it moves over Puerto Rico. Passage over the high mountains of Puerto Rico may disrupt the storm some, counteracting the decrease in wind shear. If the system takes a more southwesterly track over the eastern Dominican Republic like the European model is suggesting, this would also disrupt Bertha. I don't see Bertha being stronger than a 60 mph tropical storm as it affects Puerto RIco and the Dominican Republic. Two of our best intensity models, the GFDL and HWRF, predicted in their 06Z Friday runs that Bertha would have winds of about 40 mph as it passed over Puerto Rico on Saturday.

The GFS and European models continue to agree on the long-range fate of Bertha. The storm is expected to clip the southeastern Bahamas and Turks and Caicos Islands on Sunday, then turn north in response to a strong trough of low pressure over the Eastern United States. This trough should be strong enough to recurve Bertha to the northeast without the storm hitting the mainland U.S. coast.

I'll have a new post this afternoon.

Jeff Masters

This Date in Weather History for August 1,2014 from weatherforyou.com

Weather History
For Friday,August 1,2014
 
 
 
1954 - Mount Rainier in Washington State was still covered with sixteen inches of snow at the 5500 foot level following a big snow season. (David Ludlum)
1985 - A nearly stationary thunderstorm deluged Cheyenne, WY, with rain and hail. Six inches of rain fell in six hours producing the most damaging flash flood of record for the state. Two to five feet of hail covered the ground following the storm, which claimed twelve lives, and caused 65 million dollars property damage. (Storm Data)
1986 - A powerful thunderstorm produced 100 mph winds and large hail in eastern Kansas and southwestern Missouri causing 71 million dollars damage, and injuring nineteen persons. It was one of the worst thunderstorms of record for Kansas. Crops were mowed to the ground in places and roofs blown off buildings along its path, 150 miles long and 30 miles wide, from near Abilene to southeast of Pittsburg. (The Weather Channel)
1987 - Record heat gripped parts of the Midwest. A dozen cities reported record high temperatures for the date, including Lincoln, NE, with a reading of 105 degrees, Moline, IL, with an afternoon high of 103 degrees, and Burlington, IA, with a reading of 102 degrees. (The National Weather Summary)
1988 - Two dozen cities in the Upper Midwest reported record high temperatures for the date, including La Crosse WI with a reading of 105 degrees. Highs of 103 degrees at Milwaukee, WI, and South Bend, IN, were records for the month of August. (The National Weather Summary)
1989 - Hurricane Chantal made landfall along the Upper Texas coast about sunrise. Chantal deluged parts of Galveston Island and southeastern Texas with 8 to 12 inches of rain. Unofficial totals ranged up to twenty inches. Winds gusted to 82 mph at Galveston, and reached 76 mph in the Houston area. Tides were 5 to 7 feet high. The hurricane claimed two lives, and caused 100 million dollars damage. (The National Weather Summary) (Storm Data)

World Weather Hot Spot for August 1-2,2014 from accuweather.com

Miyakonojo,Japan: Very heavy rain;received a whopping 10.04 inches of rain in just 24 hours Thursday-Friday (July 31-August 1,2014)

Today's Worst Weather for August 1,2014 from accuweather.com

Tobaccoville,North Carolina: Heavy Rain