Friday, March 31, 2017

Where Tornadoes Strike Around the World

Chris Dolce
Published: March 29,2017

The United States averages the most tornadoes of any country in the world annually. But where else do they occur?
Areas shaded in red on the maps in the slideshow above for several regions around the world have an increased likelihood of experiencing tornadoes relative to other locations, according to the National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI) branch of NOAA. As you would expect, some locations have a greater density of tornado occurrences than others. For example, the Plains region of the United States sees a much higher number of tornadoes each year than the West Coast.
The NCEI says that tornadoes are most common in the middle latitudes, between about 30 to 50 degrees north or south latitude. Tornadoes have been documented on all of the world's continents, except Antarctica.

The Weather Company’s primary journalistic mission is to report on breaking weather news, the environment and the importance of science to our lives. This story does not necessarily represent the position of our parent company, IBM.

Marble-Sized Hail: Our Two Cents

Jonathan Belles
Published: March 29,2017

Every year, thousands of people report hail from coast to coast, but there is one type of hail size often reported that is not useful for meteorologists and can effect warning information and, later, possible insurance claims.
Most reports come in with a size as you would see it on a ruler in inches, and other reports come in using an object such as a ping pong ball, pea or baseball. The National Weather Service has a list of hail size descriptions that roughly equate the two.
Sample weather report sent to a news station on Facebook.

Unfortunately, many storm reports and similar lists have marbles listed as a hail size equivalent.
(MORE: Hail an Underrated Danger)
In the game of marbles, there are two distinctively different sizes of marbles used in a game: a shooter and a target. The shooter, according to the National Marbles Tournament rules, must "not more than three-quarter inches in diameter and not less than one-half inch in diameter." Target marbles should be five-eights of an inch in diameter, according to the tournament rules.
Outside of legalities, marbles can be as large as 3 inches in diameter or as small as peas.
Well, which size of marble is your hail stone?
Multiple sizes of marbles compared to standard U.S. Coins.
This is tricky for those of us that receive hail reports to decipher.
Hail becomes severe when it is 1 inch or larger in diameter, or about the size of a quarter.
When marble-sized hail is reported, we must decide if it's a big marble or small marble, and how big of a big marble it might be. It makes a difference.
In the image above, the marble on the left meets severe thunderstorm criteria along with the quarter, but hail that falls in the size of the other objects is not severe.
According to Keith Stellman, meteorologist in charge at the National Weather Service (NWS) in Peachtree City, Georgia, "the hail reported to us as marbles will go unreported since we don't want to assume."
When a report like this is sent to the NWS, according to Rick Smith, warning coordination meteorologist at the NWS in Norman, Oklahoma, the person on duty has to spend a little extra time trying to clarify the report to determine if it's severe or not. This can determine whether a warning is issued, and it lessens lead time for those in the path of the storm  if the report comes in as the storm is occurring.
(VIDEO: How Does Softball-Sized Hail Form?)
Often pictures don't help that much when comparing a hail stone and a marble. The comparison is greatly lost when two objects are of unknown size.
We encourage measurement of hail stones – when it is safe to do so after a storm passes – using a ruler or tape measure. Hail stones are measured in diameter, or from one end of the object to the other.
Smith said the NWS needs more hail reports. "They help us issue better warnings and give us details about what's actually happening where you live that no radar can," he said.
Other comparison objects that don't help meteorologists all that well include your hands, cell phones and oranges. These objects all can vary in size and shape. A few other reports that have been sent into the NWS are listed below and are generally not useful.
Actual hail reports sent to the National Weather Service around the country.






















How You Can Improve Reports and Why It's Important

The most helpful objects are coins, but regulation size sports objects such as golf balls and baseballs are also helpful for larger hail stones.
Another common hail descriptor are limes as seen here in this product put out by the National Weather Service on twitter on March 23, 2017. Not a current or valid watch.

There are other objects that you can compare your hail to if you don't have a ruler. Some of these include limes, lemons, Coke bottle caps, contact cases, lighters, dollar bills, DVDs and billiards balls. These objects are all standard-sized objects and are helpful to meteorologists if you cannot find coins.
You can assist meteorologists by sending your reports of hail, and other kinds of severe weather such as flash flooding, tornadoes and damaging winds, through the mPing app for iPhones and Androids and through the spotter network.
Smith also advises anyone to report through NWS local web pages. Most offices have places on their websites to report severe weather.
(MORE: Star-Shaped Hail Breaks California Record)
Many weather service offices look at hashtags such as #GAwx (Georgia weather, for example) for storm reports.
You can send your reports to us on our Facebook page and Twitter.
"The benefit of social media is seeing photos or videos of the weather," said Steve Nelson, science and operations officer with the NWS in Peachtree City.
Report the largest hail stones that you can find. According to Bryan Wood, meteorologist for Assurant, hail reports received by the NWS may not represent the largest hail that fell in a storm.
In one hail study, called Project HailSTONE, scientists from the NWS office in Pleasant Hill, Missouri, found that hail stones size was under-reported in NWS reports from the public (Storm Data).
The project found that for 44 thunderstorms the maximum hail size in those thunderstorms was 2.25 inches (or bigger than hen egg-sized) while reports that came in from the public on those storms indicated that the biggest stones were 1.75 inches in diameter (or golf ball-sized).
This under-reporting may mean the difference between penny-sized "marble" hail vs. a severe-sized "marble" in the end.
"One key thing people need to know," said Stellman, "is that insurance companies use our official reports that are submitted to National Climatic Data Center (NCDC) and StormData when determining claims. In a case where a customer is disputing when hail might have occurred, if there is no report of it, then it will be harder for them to win a claim."
"That may not seem like much, but that means a 200 percent increase in kinetic energy on impact. That’s a big deal when you’re looking at roofs being damaged," Wood said.
According to a Swiss Re report, two severe hail storms in Texas alone caused $4.77 Billion in insured losses in 2016.
Don't eyeball hail stones out your window as it falls. "When [hail is] accompanied by strong winds, it can rip apart siding and shatter windows, which increases the danger and makes damage much more costly," Wood said.  

MORE: Colorado Springs Hail and Flooding

The Weather Company’s primary journalistic mission is to report on breaking weather news, the environment and the importance of science to our lives. This story does not necessarily represent the position of our parent company, IBM.

Staggering Toll from Flooding in Peru: 94 Dead, 700,000 Homeless, $3.1 Billion in Damage

Sean Breslin
Published: March 29,2017

Peru's rainy season has been devastating this summer. Hundreds of thousands were left homeless and dozens died in floods that left behind an estimated $3.1 billion in damage, according to the Los Angeles Times.
Tourism has plummeted because at least 50 archaeological sites were damaged by the flooding, Reuters said. Across the country, more than 150,000 homes and businesses have been flooded, the L.A. Times added.
"I have lost my grocery store and my house, which no longer exists," Chongoyape resident Mariano Carreras told the L.A. Times. "My children have no clothes to wear, and the flood took away all their school books. We are desperate and have nothing. Who will help us?"
(MORE: Severe Storms Hit Southern Plains; Truck Driver Killed in Oklahoma)
In these two images, you can see how the waterways in Peru swelled during recent flooding. The first image, acquired March 24, 2016, shows what the bodies of water should look like from space, while the second image, acquired March 23, 2017, shows the impact of the floods.

NASA has provided a view of these floods from space, thanks to the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer on NASA’s Aqua satellite. In the animated image above, NASA paired two photos to show just how swollen the country's waterways became after recent floods.
First, focus toward the middle of the photo at the Lago La Niña. In the image captured a year ago, the lake is its usual size and fully within its banks. But in the image taken a week ago – the second half of the animated image – the lake is dramatically larger and has taken over much of the land around it.
You'll also notice how much the land has greened in the photo from March 23 – a sign of persistent wet weather in recent weeks.
According to NASA's Earth Observatory, the two images were taken in false color, which brings out features of the surface, like dry land and waterways, in more brilliant shades.
The most recent round of flooding in Peru came from heavy rain that persisted from March 19 to 23. On March 20, some locations reported stunning rainfall rates as high as 5.4 inches per hour.

The Weather Company’s primary journalistic mission is to report on breaking weather news, the environment and the importance of science to our lives. This story does not necessarily represent the position of our parent company, IBM.

Severe Storms Rake Southern Plains; Major Damage Reported in Rockwall, Texas; Truck Driver Dies in Oklahoma

Sean Breslin
Published: March 29,2017

Tuesday night was a long one for the southern Plains.
More than a dozen tornadoes were reported across Texas Tuesday night, where one severe storm left major damage to homes in a town northeast of Dallas. Meanwhile, in Oklahoma, strong winds were blamed for the death of a truck driver.
Residents in Rockwall, Texas, a town of about 40,000 located 25 miles northeast of Dallas, cleaned up damage Wednesday in an area hit especially hard by Tuesday's storms. According to, one injury was reported in the Dalton Ranch neighborhood, where a row of homes suffered severe damage in the storms.
(MORE: Where Severe Weather Could Strike Next)
Several homes in Rockwall, Texas, were damaged by a severe storm on Tuesday, March 28, 2017.
(Saul Garza/KDFW-TV)

The National Weather Service surveyed the damage in Rockwall Wednesday and determined it was caused by straight-line winds as high as 95 mph, not a tornado.
"It's quite devastating to see some of the damage that was done," Rockwall Mayor Jim Pruitt told NBC DFW.
In the Dallas metro area, more than 250,000 homes and businesses were without power Wednesday morning, according to CBS DFW. North of Fort Worth, an 83-mph wind gust was reported to the NWS early Wednesday morning.
Severe storms also pounded parts of Oklahoma Tuesday night. Near El Reno, a 95-mph gust was reported just after 9 p.m. local time, and hail as big as golf balls fell in Elmer.
According to the Associated Press, a truck driver was killed in El Reno when his semitrailer was pushed off the highway and overturned by strong winds. KOKH-TV said the accident occurred in the eastbound lanes of Interstate 40, and the driver was declared dead at the scene. His identity has not been released.
MORE: Tornadoes Strike the Midwest

The Weather Company’s primary journalistic mission is to report on breaking weather news, the environment and the importance of science to our lives. This story does not necessarily represent the position of our parent company, IBM.

Tropical Cyclone Debbie Stirred Up Ocean Waters of the Great Barrier Reef and May Have Damaged Corals

March 30,2017
Tropical Cyclone Debbie left a mark that's visible from space in the ocean waters near the Great Barrier Reef this week before it lashed northeast Australia's Queensland Province. The fierce winds from Debbie, which peaked at Category 4 strength, also caused turbulent water that may have damaged some of the corals.
(MORE: Debbie's Damaging Impacts)
In this satellite image comparison of March 17 to March 29 and March 30, you can see the striking difference. In the latter two images, the ocean appears lighter blue due to how much Debbie stirred up the water and sediment.
Satellite image comparison of March 17, March 29 and March 30 off the northeast Australia coast in the vicinity of the Great Barrier Reef. Debbie's strong winds stirred up the water below making it appear lighter blue after the cyclone. Cloud cover is white.

The pounding surf from Debbie may have also damaged parts of the Great Barrier Reef, where coral bleaching from warm water temperatures has occurred for the second year in a row. Tourism operators in the Whitsunday area are being given special permission by the Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Authority (GBRMPA) to help reorient corals  knocked over by Debbie.
(MORE: Two Years of Coral Bleaching in the Great Barrier Reef)
“Touching and moving coral is not normally allowed, but given the circumstances, we’ve provided operators with the ability to restore coral colonies," said Dr. Mark Read in a news release from the GBRMPA.
Corals can be saved if they are repositioned in time depending on their type which can range from days to about a week in some cases.
“When corals are overturned by extreme weather there’s a small window for recovery if they can be successfully turned back over," Read added.
The extent of any damage to the corals caused by Debbie was unknown as of Thursday, the GBRMPA said.
Another way to visualize the impact Debbie had on the ocean is by looking at sea-surface temperatures.
Shown below is the departure from average water temperatures off the northeast Australia coast Saturday-Tuesday. Orange represents warmer-than-average water, and blue is cooler-than-average water.
As you can see, a pocket of cooler-than-average water grew off the coast thanks to upwelling caused by Debbie. Upwelling happens when strong winds force surface water away and it's replaced by deeper and cooler water.
The blue shadings in this animation show the cooler-than-average waters that developed Saturday-Tuesday in the wake of Tropical Cyclone Debbie off the northeast Australia coast.

The cooler waters will not have a major impact on the coral bleaching occurring in the Great Barrier Reef, according to Professor Terry Hughes, director of the Australian Research Council Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies.
“Cyclone Debbie has come a month too late and in the wrong place to prevent mass bleaching,” he told the Guardian.

PHOTOS: Tropical Cyclone Debbie

The Weather Company’s primary journalistic mission is to report on breaking weather news, the environment and the importance of science to our lives. This story does not necessarily represent the position of our parent company, IBM.

April Outlook Update: Lingering Chill Possible in New England, Northwest as the Plains, Rockies Bake

Chris Dolce
Published: March 30,2017

Stubborn cool weather may hang on in parts of the U.S. in April, but warmth that will linger into early summer is still expected for most of the country, according to the latest three-month outlook from The Weather Company, an IBM Business.
New England is among the areas that may spend much of the month chillier than average, thanks to a pattern that largely took shape in March, punctuated by Winter Storm Stella.
"This minor pivot in the pattern, along with the copious late-season snowpack across New England and southeast Canada, have locked in a colder pattern that has been very difficult to break," said Dr. Todd Crawford, chief meteorologist with The Weather Company.
April 2017 temperature outlook.
Crawford said the reflecting influence of the New England snowpack has a greater influence in spring, and may help to keep the air mass colder at least through the first half of the month.
Conversely, the greatest chance of above-average April temperatures continues to be in the nation's heartland and Rockies.
(MORE: The U.S. Saw a Mild, Wet Winter)
While La Niña is officially over, the atmosphere still showing a hangover from La Niña.
"Anomalously warm sea-surface temperatures near and east of the Indonesia/Maritime Continent are still persisting, and since they drive the anomalous convection that has produced the La-Niña-like pattern this winter, we don’t see any clear reason why the atmospheric response to La Nina won’t hang around for a while," said Crawford, chief meteorologist with The Weather Company.
(MORE: When is the Last Freeze, Typically?)
May 2017 temperature outlook.
The start of summer in June could then usher in an intensification of the warmer-than-average conditions east of the Rockies given the transition from the La Niña event we just saw to the potential development of El Niño conditions later this year.
NOAA has placed the odds of El Niño developing at 50 to 55 percent in the July-December timeframe, though it mentions there is some chance it could begin to emerge earlier. El Niño is the warming of the equatorial central and eastern Pacific Ocean temperatures, which can have wide-reaching impacts on weather patterns across the globe depending on its strength.
"Typical transitions from La Niña to El Niño conditions result in cooler summers overall, especially late; our forecast reflects this warmest-early, coolest-late idea, but is not particularly cool given the recent pronounced global-scale warming after the last historically-strong El Nino event along with the expected negative NAO conditions driven by historically-low Arctic sea ice levels," said Crawford.
(MORE: El Niño Could Return During Hurricane Season)
June's forecast map reflects the potential for a hot start to summer with the potential for much above average warmth overall along the East Coast. Above-average temperatures are also favored throughout a large swath of the nation's southern tier plus the Ohio Valley and Great Lakes.
"We think any big eastern heat will be more likely to occur earlier in the summer," Crawford added.
June 2017 temperature outlook.
The only area where the start of summer may be near or slightly below average is in the northern Rockies and northern Plains.
(MAPS: Average Highs and Lows By Month)
This outlook is an overall trend for the three-month period April-June. An individual cold front or an upper ridge of high pressure could lead to a brief period of colder or warmer weather, respectively.

MORE: Worst Spring Allergy Cities

The Weather Company’s primary journalistic mission is to report on breaking weather news, the environment and the importance of science to our lives. This story does not necessarily represent the position of our parent company, IBM.

Two Brothers Electrocuted By Downed Power Lines in Texas as Severe Storms Batter the South

Ada Carr and Pam Wright
Published: March 30,2017

A siege of severe weather lashed parts of the South from Texas to Arkansas on Wednesday, killing two brothers who were electrocuted by downed power lines in Texas.
Alex Lopex, 12, and his 11-year-old brother, Isaiah Lopez, were killed Wednesday evening in a heavily wooded area near Oakland Lake Park in East Fort Worth, according to the Associated Press. The downed lines, which had started a grass fire, were still live when officials arrived at the scene, ABC News reported.
According to Fox4, a 15-year-old boy was playing soccer at the park when he noticed smoke from the woods. When he went to investigate, he found the bodies of the boys and notified authorities.
The cause of the accident is still being investigated, although firefighters said the downed line was likely storm related.
Damaging winds battered Texas and spawned a radar-confirmed tornado in Houston, where violent winds tossed shipping containers like toys.
At least two people were injured Wednesday at the Barbours Cut Terminal in La Porte, Texas, when a shipping container was dropped on their truck. Port of Houston spokeswoman Lisa Ashley said that about 20 shipping containers were scattered by the wind, reports the AP.
Most of the containers were empty but some full containers were also turned over, Cooper/Ports America general manager Alex Montoya told ABC13. Strong winds also pushed a modular trailer across the parking lot.
"Containers were falling over, buildings were moving, trucks were being flipped upside down," an employee told ABC 13. "It was just really scary."
A strong, rotating area of thunderstorms moved across southeast Texas, including the La Porte area, with winds exceeding 45 mph and a possible tornado in the 3 p.m. CDT hour, according to meteorologist Jonathan Belles.
(FORECAST: Severe Weather Parade Heads South)
In Rockwell, Texas, north of Dallas, winds ripped walls and roofs from homes. The city's mayor, Jim Pruitt, said one person there sustained non-life-threatening injuries.
An EF1 tornado damaged an apartment complex in Houston Wednesday, reports. The Azalea Place apartments sustained roof and carport damage and several vehicles were damaged by the carport's collapse. There were no injuries reported.
A woman had to be transported to the hospital after her home in west Harris County caught on fire, according to KHOU. The Cy-Fair Fire Department says the fire was likely sparked by lightning.
A Pasadena Independent School District bus carrying students became stranded in street flooding, according to ABC13. A spokesperson told ABC13 that another bus is on its way to retrieve the students and take them home.
In Tyler, Texas, power poles were downed by winds and trees were blown over onto a home, NWS reports.
Schools in Robertson and Stewart County, near Nashville, Tennessee, will be closed Thursday due to the severe weather threat, according to WSMV-TV.
According to meteorologist Chris Dolce, scattered reports of wind and hail damage were reported Wednesday across Louisiana, Arkansas, Missouri, and Mississippi.
Strong to severe storms are expected to fire up Thursday from the Ohio Valley into parts of the Deep South with damaging winds, large hail and a few tornadoes possible, Dolce said.
MORE: January Severe Weather in the South

The Weather Company’s primary journalistic mission is to report on breaking weather news, the environment and the importance of science to our lives. This story does not necessarily represent the position of our parent company, IBM.

Flooding Prompts Rescues, Evacuations in Australia as Ex-Cyclone Debbie Moves South

March 30,2017
Evacuations orders were issued, schools were shut down and businesses were asked to close by noon in New South Wales and Queensland on Thursday as the remnants of Tropical Cyclone Debbie moved south.
According to the Australia Broadcasting Corporation, flooding has forced residents in the NSW towns of Lismore and Murwillumbah to evacuate as inundated rivers continue to rise.
"Do not delay your evacuation. Roads will be congested or closed. You could become trapped and need rescue," a South Australian State Emergency Service warning said, calling the flooding "unprecedented."
Emergency crews have conducted at least 45 rescues around the Lismore area, the ABC reported.
Evacuation orders were also issued for residents of Chinderah, Tweed Heads South, Kingsliff, Fingal Head and Bilambil, in New South Wales.
In Queensland, more that 50 swift-water rescues were performed Thursday, the ABC reports, while schools in southeast Queensland were closed Thursday. They will remain closed on Friday, officials say.
Debbie's area of low pressure will push offshore by early Friday, local time, ending the heavy rain threat, says meteorologist Chris Dolce. Major river flooding will persist in some areas, however.
Officials in Mackay, Queensland issued evacuation orders ahead of the storm's arrival, the Courier-Mail reports. Police Commissioner Ian Stewart says there was a sudden increase in calls for service due to significant rainfall.
Wednesday, a day after powerful Cyclone Debbie slammed into the region, Australia's military sent vehicles, aircraft and supplies to the Queensland coast to help with cleanup efforts. The first round of the massive storm tossed boats like toys, left thousands stranded and killed at least one person.
"Nature has flung her worst at the people of north Queensland," Prime Minister Malcolm Turnbull told reporters. "It is now our job to make sure that every agency pulls together ... to provide support to the people of north Queensland who have had a very tough day and night."
The storm slammed into Australia's coast near Airline Beach Tuesday local time (late Monday night EDT) as a Cat. 4 equivalent storm, according to meteorologist Jon Erdman. Some 61,000 homes and businesses lost power as Debbie moved ashore, the AP reported.
The one death was confirmed by Prime Minister Malcolm Turnbull, according to, and another man was injured after a wall collapsed in Proserpine, according to the AP.
The ABC reports that the city of Mackay remains in the dark and only has enough clean water for one day, while flooding threatens thousands along the upper Connors River.
Flash flooding cut off the Bruce Highway, which is the main arterial road, near Bowen Tuesday, ABC reports. Roads to Airlie Beach and Prosperine were also blocked off due to damage from the storm.
Two men were rescued Tuesday after becoming stranded when their vessel ran aground near Airlie Beach on Whitsunday Island, according to the Queensland Police Service. A police crew on a water vessel spotted them and safely transported the uninjured men to Shute Harbour. In the meantime, around 30 boats were tossed onto rocks by the storm at the port of Shute Harbour, Whitsunday's Regional Council Mayor Andrew Willcox told reporters.

The Weather Company’s primary journalistic mission is to report on breaking weather news, the environment and the importance of science to our lives. This story does not necessarily represent the position of our parent company, IBM.

Bull Shark Washes Up in Australia Floods in Wake of Tropical Cyclone Debbie

Sean Breslin
Published: March 30,2017

A bull shark is seen in the middle of a road in Ayr, Australia, on Thursday, March 30, 2017.
(Twitter/Queensland Fire and Emergency Services)
Here's proof that it's not a good idea to wade through floodwaters: A bull shark washed ashore in Queensland, Australia, during Tropical Cyclone Debbie.
The large shark was spotted Thursday by Queensland Fire and Emergency Services in the middle of the road in the town of Ayr. The group shared two images of the shark in a Twitter post, along with a warning.
"Think it's safe to go back in the water? Think again!" read the tweet. "A bull shark washed up in Ayr. Stay out of floodwater."
(MORE: Latest News on Tropical Cyclone Debbie)
Ayr is some 10 miles inland from the Queensland coast, so the shark had a lengthy journey from the ocean. Locals told the Mirror they've found sharks in the region's rivers from time to time.
"He must've gotten caught in a torrent and confused, beached himself on the side of the road," WIN News Townsville journalist Philip Calder told News Australia. "We were pretty amazed, we were turning up to shoot a [flooded] road; we weren't expecting to see wildlife as well."
Officials told Sky News that the shark measured about 5 feet long and did not survive the beaching.
MORE: Tropical Cyclone Debbie

The Weather Company’s primary journalistic mission is to report on breaking weather news, the environment and the importance of science to our lives. This story does not necessarily represent the position of our parent company, IBM.

April Fools' Day Storm May Bring Snow to Parts of the Northeast

Linda Lam
Published: March 30,2017

The forecast for snow late this week in parts of the Northeast is no April Fools' joke.
But this forecast calls for nothing like the epic April Fools' Day Blizzard that brought feet of snow to the region 20 years ago.
(MORE: Winter Storm Central)
The National Weather Service has posted winter storm watches, warnings and winter weather advisories across portions of New England, upstate New York and northeast Pennsylvania. Additionally, a freezing rain advisory is in effect for the Poconos.
The city of Boston is currently under a winter storm watch.

Winter Alerts
Into Friday, a low-pressure system will track across the Midwest, where snow is possible in parts of Wisconsin and Michigan. Rain and snow will also overspread the Northeast into Friday.
Friday night into Saturday, an area of low pressure will then redevelop and intensify off the Northeast coast. This system will have plenty of moisture associated with it from the western Atlantic, which will bring moderate to heavy rain and snow to the region.
This low-pressure system is then expected to pull away from the Northeast by Saturday night.
An area of low pressure will develop off the Northeast coast, enhancing rain and snow late this week.
Enough cold air may be in place, especially in interior New England and portions of upstate New York, for snowfall accumulation to occur.
(MORE: This Was Your Coldest Temperature of Winter 2016-17)
Given the time of year and the onshore easterly wind expected, areas toward the southern New England coast may see little to no accumulating snow because temperatures likely will remain above freezing. This may also help to minimize the impact on roads in many areas.
Some of the valleys of upstate New York may see a mix of rain, sleet, freezing rain and snow.

Late-Week Forecast

Into early Friday, precipitation will overspread most of the Northeast. Rain is expected in the mid-Atlantic states, with snow possible in parts of eastern New York and western New England.
  • Precipitation spreads into much of the rest of New England, except perhaps most of Maine, while continuing over the rest of the Northeast.
  • Snow is likely for the higher elevations of New England and the Adirondack mountains, while a mix of rain, snow, sleet and ice is possible in parts of southern New England and the lower elevations of eastern New York.
  • Moderate rainfall is expected from the eastern Great Lakes into the mid-Atlantic and northward along the southern New England coast.
  • FORECAST: Burlington, Vermont | Albany, New York | Worcester, Massachusetts

Friday's Forecast
Friday Night
  • Much of northern and central New England and the Adirondacks will likely see snow, heavy at times.
  • A mix of rain, snow, sleet and ice is anticipated in parts of Massachusetts and eastern New York.
  • Elsewhere across the region, rain is expected.
  • Winds may be gusty at times, especially toward the coast.
  • FORECAST: Portland, Maine | Boston | New York City

Friday Night's Forecast
  • Precipitation will linger in New England and upstate New York before the low pulls away by Saturday night.
  • Snow will continue to accumulate in Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont, western Massachusetts and eastern New York, with a mix of rain and snow in parts of eastern Massachusetts.
  • Rain is expected from Cape Cod into southern Connecticut and possibly along the New Jersey coast.
  • Gusty winds are likely, especially along the Northeast coast into southern New England.
  • FORECAST: Bangor, Maine | Nantucket, Massachusetts | Atlantic City, New Jersey

Saturday's Forecast
Depending on the track and strength of this storm, minor coastal flooding could also occur during high tide on early Saturday morning and again Saturday afternoon.

How Much Snow Will Fall?

The heaviest snowfall will likely be in the higher elevations of southern New Hampshire, southern Vermont, interior northern and western Massachusetts and the Adirondacks, where over a foot of snow could pile up by late Saturday.
However, a swath of at least 6 inches of wet snow may pile up in some low elevations from western and southern Maine to New Hampshire, Vermont, western and central Massachusetts and upstate New York. This could result in downed tree limbs and powerlines.
Furthermore, the elevation at which snow is expected to fall will lower Friday night into Saturday, which could result in some snow accumulation in some of the higher-population areas of southern New England, including parts of the Boston metro area.

Snowfall Forecast Through Saturday
Check back with for forecast updates as we get closer to this event.
(MAPS: Precipitation Forecast)
Some freezing rain and sleet are also possible, which could result in patchy accumulation of ice in some areas. The highest risk of ice accumulation is in the Worcester Hills, the east slopes of the Berkshires and the Poconos.
In areas where rain is the predominant precipitation type, rainfall amounts of up to 2 inches are possible. The greatest rainfall totals will likely be found toward the Northeast coast.

April Fools' Day Blizzard Was 20 Years Ago

If snow falls Friday into Saturday in the Northeast, this will not be the first time for such an occurrence on April Fools' Day.
In 1997, heavy snow buried portions of central and southern New England into the Catskills of New York and the Poconos of Pennsylvania from March 31 to April 1.
Snowfall accumulation map from Mar. 31- Apr. 1, 1997.
The low-pressure system moved over the Ohio Valley and than quickly intensified off the Northeast coast. This system moved slowly, which resulted in an extended period of heavy snow. Thundersnow was reported and snow fell at rates of up to 3 inches per hour.
It was a heavy, wet snow that was accompanied by strong winds. This damaged trees and brought down powerlines.
(MORE: Extreme Winter Storms That Struck in Spring)
After reaching a high of 63 degrees on March 30, Boston then saw 25.4 inches of snow during the storm. More than a foot of snow fell as far south as Providence, which measured 18.0 inches.
Worcester received 33.0 inches from this snowstorm. This set a record at the time for most snow in a snowstorm, but that record was broken with Winter Storm Juno in January 2015.
Snow totals of up to 3 feet were reported, including in Milford, Massachusetts, and East Jewitt, New York.
MORE: Winter Storm Stella, March 2017 (PHOTOS)

The Weather Company’s primary journalistic mission is to report on breaking weather news, the environment and the importance of science to our lives. This story does not necessarily represent the position of our parent company, IBM.

4 Reasons You Should Take a Squall Line as Seriously as a Tornado Warning

Brian Donegan
Published: March 31,2017

Squall lines of severe thunderstorms can be dangerous even if they don't spawn tornadoes, and you should seek shelter even if tornado warnings aren't issued by the National Weather Service.
We're all familiar with the destruction tornadoes can cause, especially those of EF4 or EF5 intensity – capable of demolishing homes and other buildings – on the Enhanced Fujita Scale.
Severe thunderstorms alone are also dangerous and sometimes deadly, especially when they form into a squall line – a group of storms arranged in a line, often accompanied by high winds and heavy rain, which can be hundreds of miles long but are typically only 10 to 20 miles wide. A derecho is a type of squall line that meets certain criteria and can feature gusts over 100 mph in extreme cases – the equivalent of an EF1 tornado.
(MORE: Tornado Central)
Here are four big reasons to take shelter when a squall line approaches your location.

1. Destructive Winds Can Still Strike

The most common type of severe weather in the United States is strong, often damaging, straight-line winds, which are not associated with tornadoes.
From 2002-11, an average of 16,254 reports of winds of at least 58 mph or wind damage were logged annually in the U.S., according to The Weather Channel severe weather expert Dr. Greg Forbes.
Winds this strong are capable of downing tree limbs and knocking out power at the very least, but they may also be strong enough to down trees onto homes, vehicles or anything in their way, as well as produce damage to homes and other buildings.
(MORE: The Most Extreme Winds Recorded on Earth)
A recent example of damaging straight-line winds occurred early on Wednesday morning, when a squall line roared through the Dallas-Fort Worth Metroplex. Power poles were snapped in Fort Worth and several homes were damaged in Rockwall County, Texas, where the NWS estimated 90- to 95-mph straight-line winds caused substantial structural damage, including to the house pictured below.
If you have large trees surrounding your home, it is best to seek shelter in your basement or the lowest level when a severe thunderstorm warning is issued with the potential for damaging straight-line winds.
Should you see the word "derecho" in the forecast, or a severe thunderstorm warning which mentions "wind gusts over 70 to 75 mph," you should take shelter immediately as you would for a tornado warning.
In 2014 alone, 33 people were killed and another 240 injured in the U.S. by high winds from thunderstorms.

2. Destructive Hail Could Fall

Squall lines are often capable of producing severe hail, defined as 1 inch in diameter – roughly quarter-size – or larger. There were over 5,500 reports of severe hail in the U.S. in 2014.
According to a study of 1989-2004 hail reports by Jewell and Brimelow, 95 percent of hailstones are golf ball-size or smaller. Golf ball-size hail is roughly 1.75 inches in diameter.
It is important to keep in mind, however, 1-inch diameter hail is still capable of damaging roof shingles, while golf ball-size hail can put dents in vehicles.
More serious damage occurs if hail reaches baseball size, which could smash vehicle windshields, or softball size, capable of punching holes in roofs.
(MORE: Marble-Sized Hail: Our Two Cents)
A recent example took place Sunday evening when softball-size hail, 4.25 inches in diameter, pelted a swath of the far north Dallas-Fort Worth Metroplex, from near Denton to McKinney. Hail from 1 to 3 inches in diameter was also reported across other parts of Texas and central Oklahoma that evening.
Above: Tennis ball-size hail pelted Lantana, Texas, on March 26, 2017.
If thunderstorm winds are strong enough to drive the hail, a structure's exterior could be a total loss, with siding destroyed, numerous holes in the roof and windows smashed. The St. Louis metro area saw a pair of billion-dollar hailstorms in April 2012 and April 2001.
(MORE: April's Dangerous Reputation)
While extremely rare, deaths from large hail have occurred. For example, a pizza delivery man in Fort Worth, Texas, was killed by baseball- to softball-size hail on March 28, 2000. Hail may have also been the main cause of a June 18, 2014 plane crash near Lehman, Texas, killing three. In addition, there were 23 people injured by large hail in the U.S. in 2014.
If an incoming squall line has a history of producing severe hail, move your vehicles into a garage, parking deck or some covered area, if possible. However, if you are driving, do not park under a highway overpass. This could cause a backup on the highway if many people attempt to do the same thing, placing many more people at risk of an incoming severe thunderstorm.

3. Tornadoes Can Form Along a Squall Line's Leading Edge

Sometimes, brief tornadoes form quickly along the leading edge of a squall line of severe thunderstorms with otherwise damaging straight-line winds.
These typically brief tornadoes may occur overnight or be rain-wrapped and difficult to see.
(MORE: Nighttime Tornadoes More Than Twice as Likely to Be Deadly)
Most recently, a squall line moving through the Houston metro area Wednesday morning spun up a brief EF1 tornado, which damaged an apartment complex southwest of the city.
Radar loop in southeast Texas from 9:30 a.m. to 12:00 p.m. CDT on Wednesday, March 29, 2017.
The storm survey conducted by the NWS office in Houston determined the twister had peak winds of 90 mph and was on the ground for just over a quarter-mile. No injuries were reported.
Occasionally, you'll see this wording in a severe thunderstorm warning issued by the NWS:
Severe thunderstorms can and sometimes do produce tornadoes with little or no advance warning.
This is the case with many tornadoes associated with squall lines. Hence, more reason to seek shelter when the line is nearing your location.
(MORE: The Future of Tornado Warnings)

4. Frequent Lightning May Be Present

As with any thunderstorm, squall lines will feature frequent cloud-to-cloud and, especially, cloud-to-ground lightning.
(MORE: New Lightning Mapper Imagery From GOES-16 Awes Meteorologists)
Along a squall line, thousands of cloud-to-ground lightning strikes per hour can occur. Even after the squall line passes, lightning can persist for a half-hour or longer behind the main line, though the highest winds will have already passed by this time.
With lightning nearby, avoid contact with electrical devices, corded phones and metal pipes while indoors. It is safe to go outdoors 30 minutes after hearing the last clap of thunder.
MORE: Midwest Derecho, June 30, 2014

The Weather Company’s primary journalistic mission is to report on breaking weather news, the environment and the importance of science to our lives. This story does not necessarily represent the position of our parent company, IBM.

Massive North Atlantic Storm Sends Surge of Ice Into St. John's, Newfoundland Harbor

Jon Erdman
Published: March 31,2017

An intense north Atlantic storm pushed an unusual surge of sea ice at St. John's, Newfoundland, on Friday, a sight not seen by some locals in decades.
The powerful Atlantic low, centered about 400 miles southeast of Newfoundland's Avalon Peninsula, produced strong northeast winds gusting up to 70 mph in parts of Newfoundland.
Visible satellite and wind streamlines of the North Atlantic storm responsible for the St. John's, Newfoundland, ice surge at 8 a.m. EDT, March 31, 2017.
This intense fetch of winds pushed a surge of sea ice from off the northeast coast of the Avalon Peninsula into harbors, including St. John's Harbor.
Weather Network meteorologist Mark Robinson spoke with residents who said they hadn't seen anything like this ice surge since the 1980s.
The view from Signal Hill, just northeast of St. John's near the mouth of the harbor called the Narrows showed almost a completely ice-jammed waterway Friday.
To the north of St. John's, ice also jammed into bays and coves in the northern Avalon Peninsula.
Environment Canada warned of "extensive ice buildup or significant pressure" from the strong onshore winds pushing pack ice toward the coast.
The storm also produced blizzard conditions in parts of Newfoundland. Blizzard warnings were in effect for much of the rest of Newfoundland other than the Avalon Peninsula. Winds had gusted as high as 69 mph at Sagona Island, off Newfoundland's south coast Friday morning.
(MORE: The Most Extreme Winds on Earth)
This storm explosively developed from a combination of ingredients.
A low pressure center earlier in the week that was being monitored as a potential, rare subtropical cyclone east of the Bahamas, Invest 90-L, congealed with another low off the coast of Nova Scotia.
With a boost from a powerhouse jet stream plunge arriving from eastern Canada, this merged low deepended explosively.
Water vapor satellite image of the north Atlantic storm southeast of Newfoundland on March 31, 2017.
(Dundee Satellite Receiving Station/University of Dundee)
NOAA's Ocean Prediction Center estimated the central pressure of the storm at 964 millibars Friday morning, with significant wave heights up to 41 feet south of the low pressure center.
This was the second major north Atlantic storm in a week.
Three days earlier, another intense, photogenic storm swirled in roughly the same location.
Jonathan Erdman is a senior meteorologist at and has been an incurable weather geek since a tornado narrowly missed his childhood home in Wisconsin at age 7. Follow him on Facebook and Twitter.

MORE: Vintage Iceberg Photos

The Weather Company’s primary journalistic mission is to report on breaking weather news, the environment and the importance of science to our lives. This story does not necessarily represent the position of our parent company, IBM.

Strongest Windstorm in 5 Years Blasts Las Vegas, Topples Semis, Knocks Out Power to Thousands

Pam Wright
Published: March 31,2017

Las Vegas is reeling Friday, a day after an intense windstorm blew into the area, causing widespread power outages, toppling semi-trucks, ripping off roofs and injuring at least one person.
Winds exceeding 70 mph knocked utility poles down onto cars near the famed Las Vegas strip. One person was injured when a construction wall collapsed inside the Monte Carlo Hotel and Casino, according to the Associated Press.
An estimated 44,000 customers were without power at the height of the storm, reports KSNV.
The winds were powerful, with a gust of 82 mph clocked at the Red Rock Conservation Area west of Las Vegas. In North Las Vegas, a gust of 70 mph was recorded. A gust of 60 mph was recorded at McCarran International Airport, where numerous flights were delayed.
According to the National Weather Service, Thursday's event was the strongest windstorm to hit the city in five years. The last time winds topped 60 mph was on March 6, 2012, notes meteorologist Jon Erdman.
In many areas outside the city, the wind kicked up sand, reducing visibility for drivers.
The wind is being blamed for two tractor-trailer crashes, including one that blocked U.S. Interstate 15 just south of Las Vegas. No one was injured in either incident. A third semi-truck rolled over on U.S. 95 in Nye County.
Large trees were toppled across the city, including one that fell onto the second story of a townhome in the Garden Park Complex, reports KSNV.
The windstorm in the Great Basin and Southwest Thursday was ahead of a powerful cold front and associated bullish upper-level jet stream plunge, says Erdman.
"The Great Basin is no stranger to windstorms, but this one was impressive," said Erdman.
Power poles were snapped in Winnemucca, Nevada, and weather instruments at the Nevada Test Site about 70 miles northwest of Las Vegas clocked a 92 mph wind gust, impressive for any location not in mountainous terrain, Erdman said.
MORE: Vincent LaForet Las Vegas

The Weather Company’s primary journalistic mission is to report on breaking weather news, the environment and the importance of science to our lives. This story does not necessarily represent the position of our parent company, IBM.

Baseball Opening Day Weather: Rain Risk For Some in the Midwest, East

Jon Erdman
Published: March 31,2017

Major League Baseball opens another season with a trio of games Sunday, followed by a full slate on Monday. Unfortunately, there are a few games where weather may mess with Opening Day.
Overall, there will be a pair of storm systems in the U.S. on Monday.

Overall Setup For Opening Day Monday
The system in the East is the one that could throw a meteorological monkey wrench in several Opening Day games.
Here's the forecast for each game. Of course, games in St. Petersburg, Florida, Phoenix and Milwaukee will be played in climate-controlled stadiums with no weather worries.
Check back with us at as these forecasts may change before Opening Day.

Rain Risk

There are five games with at least a chance of rain. It's not clear, yet, whether rain will last long enough or be steady enough in any of these cities to lead to rain delays or a postponement.
Rain is most likely in Cincinnati. Uncertainties exist on whether rain moves into St. Louis during the game Sunday night, into Chicago Monday, and if it reaches the East Coast in time to dampen games in Washington D.C. and Baltimore.

Opening Day Forecast: East/Midwest

No Weather Worries

Enjoy these outdoor games without any concern for the weather. This also includes some northern locations that can have notoriously foul early April weather.
Raindrops coat a pane of glass above a tarp-covered infield during a rain delay in an opening day baseball game between the Baltimore Orioles and the Minnesota Twins in Baltimore, Monday, April 4, 2016.
(AP Photo/Patrick Semansky)
A threat of light rain may dampen the tailgate outside Milwaukee's Miller Park, though a closed roof at least ensures the game will be played.
The roof will also likely be open for a fabulous Opening Day Sunday in Phoenix.
The Atlanta Braves should feel thankful they're opening on the road this year. If they were scheduled to open their new ballpark – SunTrust Park – on Monday, it may have been a rainout.
Last year, rain postponed a pair of games in Cleveland and the Bronx. Another game in Baltimore was delayed twice by rain, for a total of 2 hours and 51 minutes.
Before that, the last Opening Day games postponed by weather were in 2009 and 2008.
Jonathan Erdman is a senior meteorologist at and has been an incurable weather geek since a tornado narrowly missed his childhood home in Wisconsin at age 7. Follow him on Facebook and Twitter.

MORE: Strangest Tornado Damage (PHOTOS)

The Weather Company’s primary journalistic mission is to report on breaking weather news, the environment and the importance of science to our lives. This story does not necessarily represent the position of our parent company, IBM.

5 Things To Watch In Next Week's Weather

Linda Lam
Published: March 31,2017

The parade of storms will persist through the first week of April, bringing more active weather from coast to coast.
(MORE: Tornado Central | Winter Storm Central)
In addition to more rain, thunderstorms and snow, temperarture changes are on tap for both the East and West.
Below we take a closer look at the five things you need to know about next week's weather.

1) Early Week System Will Bring Severe Storms

Another strong low pressure system will move into the southern Plains this weekend and into the South early next week.
There will be ample moisture and moderate instability, which will likely result in the development of severe thunderstorms early next week.

Monday's Thunderstorm Forecast
The risk of severe weather will develop in Texas on Sunday and will slide east into the lower Mississippi Valley and parts of the South through Monday.
(MORE: April Begins With Threat of Severe Thunderstorms)
Damaging wind gusts, large hail and a few tornadoes are expected. Heavy rainfall and flash flooding will also be concerns with this early-week low pressure system.
An area of low pressure will then redevelop off the East coast on Tuesday. Rain will extend from the Midwest into the Northeast Monday into Tuesday. A mix of snow, sleet and rain is also likely in parts of New England and northeastern New York.

2) Midweek Storm To Spread Rain and Snow From Rockies To East Coast

Yet another low pressure system will move into the Great Basin on Monday and into the Plains Tuesday. This system will bring snow to parts of the Rockies, with rain in lower elevations into Tuesday.
Tuesday into Wednesday this area of low pressure will move from the Plains into the Midwest, spreading rain from the central and northern Plains into the Midwest and South. Thunderstorms will also develop, with a few severe storms possible.
(MORE: April's Tornadic, Dangerous Reputation)

Wednesday Night's Forecast
Gusty winds are also likely through the Plains and into the Midwest midweek.
Rain will spread into the East by Thursday, possibly mixing with snow in parts of northern New England and Upstate New York. Rain and snow showers may linger in the Northeast into Friday.

3) Colder Temperatures Expected In East, South

The midweek low pressure system will also be accompanied by colder temperatures, as a southward dip in the jet stream will dive into the East.
Early-to-midweek, ahead of the cold front, temperatures will be up to 15 degrees warmer than average from the Plains to the East coast. Behind this system, tempreatures will return to near or slightly-below average.

Late Week Forecast Highs
Highs in parts of the South will drop from the upper 70s to the mid 60s, while temperatures along the Gulf Coast will be in the mid 70s by late week, compared to mid-to-upper 80s midweek.
Temperatures in portions of the Midwest and interior Northeast will be about 10 degrees cooler by late week.
(MORE: April Temperature Outlook)
Lows below freezing will likely return to the Midwest and interior Northeast, with 40s and 50s in much of the South. Parts of the South may even see temperatures tumble back into the 30s.
Another disturbance is expected to bring showers and breezy conditions to the Ohio Valley, mid-Atlantic and Southeast late next week. These cooler temperatures may even result in some snow in the southern Appalachians.

4) Temperatures Will Warm In The West

While the East will expereience cooler temperatures, the West will enjoy the return of spring-like warmth.
Near-to-below-average temperatures will start the week for much of the West. However, as that midweek system pushes east, an area of high pressure will build into the West. This will allow warmer-than-average temperatures to spread across the region.

Next Week's Forecast
Temperatures will be 10 to 25 degrees above average for much of the West during the mid-to-late week time period.
(MORE: 10-Day Temperature Forecast)
Highs in the interior West will go from the 40s and 50s on Monday to the 60s and 70s late week. In southern California and the Southwest, temperatures will rise from the 70s and 80s to the 80s and 90s.

5) Late-Week System Expected To Move Into The Northwest

A third low pressure system will approach the Pacific Northwest coast late next week.
This next system will begin to spread showers into the region as early as Wednesdsay night.

Next Saturday's Forecast
Rain will become more widespread across the Pacific Northwest Thursday into Friday. Some snow is possible in the higher elevations as well.
(MAPS: Weekly Planner)
Cooler temperatures will also accompany this system, bringing temperatures back closer to average along most the West Coast by next weekend.
MORE: Tornadoes In The Midwest, Mar. 6, 2017 (PHOTOS)

The Weather Company’s primary journalistic mission is to report on breaking weather news, the environment and the importance of science to our lives. This story does not necessarily represent the position of our parent company, IBM.

March colder than February? Somebody get Mother Nature a calendar!

After what's arguably one of the warmest Februarys on record for the Northeastern US, March 2017 has taken a completely different track than February 2017 had taken as this March could go down as one of the coldest months of March on record. In fact, it's been argued that average temperatures have actually run COLDER this month than last month (which would be typical if this were October and last month were September or this were November and last month were October,but not with this being March and last month being February). Here's the high and low temperatures for February 2017 and March 2017 as compared to normal,for the city of White Plains,New York; a suburban city just 10-15 miles north of New York City.Note how much above normal temps in February 2017 were and how much below normal temps have been in this month,through 12:30AM,EDT,April 1,2017 from

February 1,2017:         44/28          36/22         +8/+6
February 2:                  43/27          36/22         +7/+5
February 3:                  31/23          36/22          -5/+1
February 4:                  33/19          36/22          -3/-3
February 5:                  39/27          37/23          +2/+4
February 6:                  46/32          37/23          +9/+9
February 7:                  37/33          37/23            0/+10
February 8:                  57/37          37/23        +20/+14       (Record High Set)
February 9:                  37/17          37/23            0/-6
February 10:                30/16          37/23           -7/-7
February 11:                44/26          37/23          +7/+3
February 12:                35/27          38/24          -3/+3
February 13:                36/28          38/24          -2/+4
February 14:                37/19          38/24           -1/-5
February 15:                46/26          38/24          +8/+2
February 16:                34/26          38/24           -4/+2
February 17:                37/25          38/24           -1/+1
February 18:                61/27          38/24        +23/+3
February 19:                62/44          38/24        +24/+20       (Record High Tied)
February 20:                53/35          39/25        +14/+10
February 21:                46/26          39/25          +5/+1
February 22:                52/40          39/25        +13/+15
February 23:                61/35          39/25        +22/+10
February 24:                70/46          40/26        +30/+20
February 25:                63/41          40/26        +23/+15
February 26:                42/32          40/26          +2/+6
February 27:                52/28          40/26        +12/+2
February 28:                57/41          40/26        +17/+15

-Highest Temperature: 70 degrees on February 24
-Lowest Temperature: 16 degrees on February 10

-# of Highs above normal: 18 days
-# of Highs right at normal: 2 days
-# of Highs below normal: 8 days
-# of Highs at least 10 degrees above normal: 10 days
-# of Highs at least 15 degrees above normal:  7 days
-# of Highs at least 20 degrees above normal:  6 days
-# of Highs at least 25 degrees above normal:  1 day (February 24)
-# of Record Highs Tied or Set: 2
-# of Record Lows Tied or Set: 0
-Snowfall: 9 inches

March 1,2017:         66/50          41/27          +25/+23      (Record High Set)
March 2:                  63/33          41/27          +22/+6
March 3:                  37/21          41/27             -4/-6
March 4:                  28/14          41/27           -13/-13
March 5:                  34/12          41/27             -7/-15
March 6:                  43/19          41/27             +2/-8
March 7:                  49/37          41/27             +8/+10
March 8:                  58/46          42/28           +16/+18
March 9:                  57/45          42/28           +15/+17
March 10:                44/22          42/28             +2/-6
March 11:                25/15          42/28            -17/-13
March 12:                27/17          42/28            -15/-11
March 13:                34/14          42/28              -8/-14
March 14:                33/19          43/27            -10/-8
March 15:                26/18          43/27            -17/-9
March 16:                37/23          44/28              -7/-5
March 17:                44/28          44/28                0/0
March 18:                37/27          44/28              -7/-1
March 19:                45/33          45/29               0/+4
March 20:                50/30          45/29             +5/+1
March 21:                57/39          45/29           +12/+10
March 22:                45/21          46/30              -1/-9
March 23:                39/19          46/30              -7/-11
March 24:                52/28          47/31              +5/-3
March 25:                57/41          47/31            +10/+10
March 26:                40/36          48/32               -8/+4
March 27:                48/36          48/32                0/+4
March 28:                44/40          49/33               -5/+7
March 29:                57/39          49/33              +8/+6
March 30:                50/30          50/34                 0/-4
March 31:                39/35          50/34             -11/+1

-Highest Temperature: 66 degrees on March 1
-Lowest Temperature: 12 degrees on March 5
-# of Highs above normal:  12 days
-# of Highs right at normal:  4 days
-# of Highs below normal:  15 days
-# of Highs at least 10 degrees above normal: 6 days
-# of Highs at least 10 degrees below normal: 6 days
-# of Highs at least 15 degrees above normal: 4 days
-# of Highs at least 15 degrees below normal: 3 days
-# of Highs at least 20 degrees above normal: 2 days
-# of Highs at least 20 degrees below normal: 0 days
-Snowfall: 15 inches